Pandas Split Sentence Into Words

"An intersection in a road or path where one road is split into two. Then it renders a nice html diff. They are extracted from open source Python projects. The iloc indexer syntax is data. This can be done by using NLP techniques such as sentence segmentation, dependency parsing, parts of speech tagging, and entity recognition. We can use str with split to get the first, second or nth part of the string. array (vector, dtype = np. We need to split this formula into three different parts like I have done below. One simple way is using R. String class provides a methodology for this just one method to convert into char array and then print all the characters from the array [code. Using The Range Object. PLEASE LEAVE FEEDBACK AND RATING ONCE YOU HAVE USED THESE. Splitting a Sentence into Words:. We use the method word_tokenize() to split a sentence into words. Sentence# Word Tag 1 I Object 1 love Object 1 apple fruit 2 I Object 2 ate Object 2 potato vegetable Split the text column into words and sentence numbers. Linguistic Features. (Changelog)TextBlob is a Python (2 and 3) library for processing textual data. Which sentence best uses a split infinitive to create emphasis? before getting behind the wheel, young drivers must remember to not text in the car. You can listen to each sentence as you read it. Just be sure to start the first sentence with a capital letter: We required three ingredients: Firstly, eggs, to provide a nice eggy flavour. I have worked in C#, Asp Dot Net AJAX ,SqlServer 2005,2008 and Mapping Softwares and Applications using MapInfo, ArcGIS, Microsoft Bing Maps, MapWindow(OpenSource) etc. (CNN) — A man is in police custody after he walked into a Mount Shasta California Police Department and confessed to killing four people. This one works even better (although it may be a little slower), because it allows for any number of "delimiter" characters (in the @delims variable). split(' ') print mytext. Create your free Platform account to download our ready-to-use ActivePython or customize Python with any packages you require. For that, you need a different data type: a. Each of the printable word scramble puzzles may be cut into 4 separate word scramble puzzle sheets. We then stored this DataFrame into a variable called movies. We load data using Pandas, then convert categorical columns with DictVectorizer from scikit-learn. The very terms "split infinitive" and "split verb" are based on a thick-witted analogy to Latin, in which it is impossible to split a verb because it consists of a single word, such as amare, "to. WATCH MORE: Rapids reach T20 Blast final with dramatic last-ball win “The most memorable wedding outfits for me are those that define an era from a fashion perspective,” she says. Night Shyamalan. The PunktSentenceTokenizer is an unsupervised trainable model. How do I breaks a text or sentence into words? By Wayan Saryada in Core API , Text Package Last modified: July 7, 2019 0 Comment At first it might look simple. It should be noted that if you have a text with a comma in it, it will be in two different keys in your dictionary. A declarative sentence states the facts or an opinion and lets the reader know something specific. The kilometric guarantee of 15,500 francs (£620) was split into two parts, 4500 francs (£180) being granted as the fixed working expenses of the line, all receipts in excess of which amount were to be credited to the Turkish government in reduction of the remaining 11,000 francs (f440) which took the form of an annuity to be capitalized as a. Trump, who accused Comey of being a “showboat and grandstander”, said his decision to relieve the FBI Chief of his duties would not have been changed by any recommendation from the […]. import pandas as pd import numpy as np. If the result is a set of numbers, you can convert the String []. A) split into smaller molecules B) changed its shape C) combined with another molecule D) been diluted. The output of Step 1 without stack looks like this:. (Average, 13 words per sentence) Sentences beginning with although, because, despite, etc. We can use the string methods that pandas provides to extract the spoken dialog in each sentence. You can split a string on a single character, a group of characters or a regular expression (a pattern). We've stored the text of the first five sentences of the novel Little Women in the DataFrame below. split() function. For eg: If i have sentence of length 200 bytes, i want to split the sentence into 4 variables each of 50 bytes and they. Words Into List With Split. DataFrame A distributed collection of data grouped into named columns. Often you may have a column in your pandas data frame and you may want to split the column and make it into two columns in the data frame. Our version will take in most XML data and format the headers properly. If not specified, split on whitespace. I have to split a sentence into word by word and store them into separate columns. How to use cleave in a sentence. to divide or separate from end to end or into layers: to split a log in two. In one of her recent Instagram posts, Alexis reportedly captioned a her “single. An inefficient part of the algorithm is: [(word, words. Spliting text. At some point, you may need to break a large string down into smaller chunks, or strings. We’ll assign this to a variable, in this case names2015 since we’re using the data from the 2015 year of birth file. Java Basic: Exercise-58 with Solution. A Good 200-Word Sentence. lower() for word in nltk. You can use truncated sentences whenever you want to create punch and make a point, but try not to overuse them. If you want to get this problem done with a much easier method, you can try to use Kutools for Excel's Split Cells utility, which can quickly split one cell contents into multiple columns or rows by a delimiter. You could also define a pro writing app as a “focused writing app,” one that assists you in getting your words out of our head and onto the page. I want to split sentences into separate words and phrases. 2) Tricky part. preg_split() is the suggested alternative to this function. How to use split in a sentence. 6 Elements of Critical Thinking Interpretation - Split information up into basic sentences, understand it, and state it in your own words. This stored procedure gets the input as sentence through the parameter and print the results as words one by one. Write a Java program to capitalize the first letter of each word in a sentence. Kaggle has a tutorial for this contest which takes you through the popular bag-of-words approach, and. Question: Complete The Following Sentences About Carbohydrates. How to Split Sentences Oleksii Sliusarenko, Vsevolod Dyomkin • April 22, 2014 • nlp At Grammarly, we use a lot of off-the-shelf core NLP technologies to help us make a little bit of sense in the mess that is natural language texts (English in particular). Hi I found below code on another site that does most of what I need it to do except for a few things I would like to add if possible. split()[::-1] ) I think it will do the trick :) But it's the same as b = " ". They are extracted from open source Python projects. use-in-a-sentence. In this article of the awk series, we will see the different scenarios in which we need to split a file into multiple files using awk. As some EU leaders tried to convince others to let two Balkan states begin membership talks, they cited arguments ranging from the region's strategic importance to the candidates' progress in settling disputes and establishing rule of law. The index array would give the binary search a much smaller search space - for instance, it could tell the binary search to start looking for dog, at the first 'd' word, at position # 156, with a ceiling of 272 (because the 'e' words start there). Next, we find the number of lines by using the same method. Note that somearray lacks parentheses both when calling the function and when declaring the variable. Separating words in a sentence, at least when done by computer, is called segmentation (分かち書き) or tokenization (トークン化). if ld_totalchar <= length. In Step 1, we are asking Pandas to split the series into multiple values and the combine all of them into single column using the stack method. The goal is communication, not correctness. is strStrings(2) = apple should NOT be strStrings(2) = apple, is strStrings(3) = banana should NOT be strStrings(3) = banana, I also want to split out the punctuation too. Font is some monotype (Courier New). Rewite the following sentences using the words given in brackets () so that they mean exactly the same as the first sentence. I found a lot of examples on the internet of how to convert XML into DataFrames, but each example was very tailored. SPLIT g_str AT g_sep INTO str1 str2 str3 str3. then by this output i will use an other program that can help me to identify if word1 is a noun or not and son on. Here the space is the delimeter to split the sentence into words. to tear or break apart; rend or burst: The wind split the sail. You can vote up the examples you like or vote down the ones you don't like. Select the content you wish to split into two. split(' ') print mytext. List Comprehensions is a very powerful tool, which creates a new list based on another list, in a single, readable line. For example :. Pandas offers several options but it may not always be immediately clear on when to use which ones. Efficiently split Pandas Dataframe cells containing lists into multiple rows, duplicating the other column's values. They're much slower than ALINES () and even slower than manually parsing with AT () and SUBSTR (). They are extracted from open source Python projects. I am using AIMS desktop and I find it difficult reading my data using python, the laptop keeps freezing(10,000+ data inputs). Series(dict([(token, 1) for token in sentence. csv data file into pandas!. Definition and Syntax of VBA Split Function: Split can be defined as a function that can split a text string into an array, by making use of a delimiter character. Replace filename with the name of the large file you wish to split. The Excel VBA Split. To split a string where there words are separated by a space, simply specify a space (" ") as the parameter to the split() method. NumPy is the fundamental package for scientific computing with Python…. If we know that each substring represents a number or an integer, we may prefer to convert the output of String. Downsides: not very intuitive, somewhat steep learning curve. Remove Word from Sentence in Python. Once you've. It provides a simple API for diving into common natural language processing (NLP) tasks such as part-of-speech tagging, noun phrase extraction, sentiment analysis, classification, translation, and more. A sentence is a group of words that are put together to mean something. While in the following example I would want it to print str2. / Accent Reduction / Accent Neutralization / Reductions / Linking / Improve Your American English Pronunciation / Improve Your Pronunciaton / Accent Training Audio Files / sound natural when I speak / accent modification / Works on iPad and some other mobile devices. If you can identify the subject and verb in a sentence, then finding the direct object—if one exists—is easy. ” More complex sentences can combine multiple clauses or phrases to add additional information about what is described. Check, however, to make sure that this solution does not result in short, choppy sentences. After that, the string can be stored as a list in a series or it can also be used to create multiple column data frames from a single separated string. Column A column expression in a DataFrame. Pandas offers several options but it may not always be immediately clear on when to use which ones. Then, place the cursor in a cell you want to split out and press the shortcut to run the code. Below the radials is a circlet of plates called basals. (verb) An example of to split is separating the white part of an egg from the yolk. For example: string_to_break. You will need to share important words to combine these sentences. Secondly, milk, for all its milky goodness. Split a list into roughly equal-sized pieces (Python recipe) Break a list into roughly equal sized pieces. In Step 1, we are asking Pandas to split the series into multiple values and the combine all of them into single column using the stack method. - separator. Gensim doesn't come with the same in built models as Spacy, so to load a pre-trained model into Gensim, you first need to find and download one. It is always some form of noun or pronoun. Is Ending a Sentence With a Preposition Bad? Recently, we talked about the “rule” that you shouldn’t split infinitives and why it’s really okay. Net 2003 or 2005. The main idea, or topic, sentence of a paragraph is the sentence that gets to the heart of the subject of that paragraph. TextBlob: Simplified Text Processing¶. 01 seconds, but for a string of more than 80,000 characters,. What’s most interesting is that I’ve found people often search for “phrase unscrambler” or “sentence unscrambler”, so there is an online community of wordsmiths who need sentences unscrambled occasionally. A sentence is the basic unit of language which expresses a complete thought. The following method I used extracts the different words, but it overwrites word already stored in the previous index in the array. Turning strings into a dictionary of word counts in pandas dataframe I have a large data frame with a column of product reviews. Once assigned, word embeddings in Spacy are accessed for words and sentences using the. Program for length of the longest word in. To calculate word frequencies have three mainly steps. Match The Words In The Left-hand Column With Tho Appropriate) Blank In The Sentences In The Right-hand Column. I have placed this into a string extension which could be called such as. Find and print all capitalized words in my_string by writing a pattern called capitalized_words and using re. There are various topic modelling techniques like * Latent Semantic Indexing/Analysis * Latent Dirichlet Allocation But they won't spit out concrete high level topics. Highlight the text, then press SHIFT + F3 until the text appears in all uppercase. You might remember my previous effort , which works really well. tokenize import sent_tokenize , word_tokenize data = "All work and no play makes jack a dull boy, all work and no play" print ( word_tokenize ( data ) ). Getting ready To motivate method chaining, let's take a simple English sentence and translate the chain of events into a chain of methods. We’ll assign this to a variable, in this case names2015 since we’re using the data from the 2015 year of birth file. 20 Dec 2017. ld_totalchar = strlen ( wa1-words ) + strlen ( it_splitted-tdline ) + 1. There are many ways to do it. It provides a simple API for diving into common natural language processing (NLP) tasks such as part-of-speech tagging, noun phrase extraction, sentiment analysis, classification, translation, and more. See how the split command splits on every character in splitChars, which can result in information loss if you are not careful: split "alpha beta gamma" "temp" => al {ha b} {} {a ga} {} a. Hi, I am unsure about the last part of the sentence starting with "where". I am trying to split Comments column into multiple rows containing each sentence. String class provides a methodology for this just one method to convert into char array and then print all the characters from the array [code. what i want to do is : i take a document which has like any number of sentences then by using Python i would like to split the document of any number of sentences into words where each word has a number e. First you have to store the whole text into a cell and from there start writing the formulas in the image below. If you are working on the huge amount of different source system then you may come across the requirement of Teradata split delimited fields into table records. The 55 year old Victorian "mother" (not the word we would use) wanted her adult nephew (also her long term lover yes you read that right) to take her 12 year old daughter's virginity, so she held her down while she screamed and cried. Example also shows how to break string sentence into words using split method. Pandas, bears and raccoons are all mammals and they all share the same order (Carnivora), so they are all related to each other to some extent. Review split digraphs by having students group them into the right categories on this worksheet. In English, there is typically no space between a number and the percent (%) sign but it's not necessarily wrong to write 15 % instead of 15%. apparently separates html source code into words by splitting the html at every space. We also do the *tokenization* process, where all text is divided into parts (words normally). Novel set in the future, children cannot change the class they are born into, one class is made uneducated by associating books with pain Was Hakhel performed in separation of men and women? How should I tell a professor the answer to something he doesn't know?. Jon Jones has pleaded "no contest" to a charge of disorderly conduct after a woman accused him of assaulting her at a New Mexico strip club. Processing raw text intelligently is difficult: most words are rare, and it’s common for words that look completely different to mean almost the same thing. python separate text into different column with comma I'm pulling data from a database and writing to a new Excel file for a report. Result dataset (words) returned in select. There are also some floats and NAN. sentence into its component words, while the latter two return the whole sentence entact. How to split single text cell into multiple rows, using a comma delimiter? Hello - could anyone help me? I have a string of text in one cell on Sheet 1 (ie. The data actually need not be labeled at all to be placed into a pandas data structure; The two primary data structures of pandas, Series (1-dimensional) and DataFrame (2-dimensional), handle the vast majority of typical use cases in finance, statistics, social science, and many areas of engineering. Then, you'd like word-wrapping. He didn’t say a word, we just stood there silently until we got to his floor. The video offers a short tutorial on how to split or break sentence into words in Excel. Repeat with x number of sentences. Example Sentences Including 'panda'. Java Basic: Exercise-58 with Solution. If you take all of these Anki decks (Core 2000 Step 01-10) you have 2000 words, which is why I'm assuming the decks are called "Core 2000". To create your criss-cross, follow the steps below and click the “Create My Criss-Cross” button when you are done. The purpose of a main idea sentence is to tie together all the other facts. split() col1 = [120, 90, 80, 80, 50, 120, 150, 150] ser = pd. to divide into distinct parts or portions (often fol. String or regular expression to split on. Here is my scenario: I want to split a sentence (space delimited) into word, and phrases. Example also shows how to break string sentence into words using split method. For eg: If i have sentence of length 200 bytes, i want to split the sentence into 4 variables each of 50 bytes and they. str2 = 'This is a string' if 'is' in str2: print str2 How would I go about doing this in Python?. For dealing with the newlines, I think you could perhaps put a display property with " " (a string consisting of a single space) as a value on the newlines you want to display differently. Split into individual words, Save words, load next string. This is called parsing, and is the opposite of concatenate. Separating words in a sentence, at least when done by computer, is called segmentation (分かち書き) or tokenization (トークン化). The formulas to split text in Excel are very simple. Declarative Sentence Examples By YourDictionary Declarative sentences are simply statements that relay information. n: int, default -1 (all) Limit number of splits in output. on computer screens. I have imported this file in python pandas in dataframe(df). I wasn't showboating, I wasn't trying to humiliate my opponent. A past tense and a past participle of cleave1. We need to split this formula into three different parts like I have done below. We've stored the text of the first five sentences of the novel Little Women in the DataFrame below. If True, return DataFrame/MultiIndex expanding dimensionality. join(), and list(). However, defining words as "anything between a space" leads to unwanted formatting in the diff. You can also specify how many pieces to split the string into. split() print mytext. How to split String by words? Below given simple code will break String sentence into words. Please I am working on automatic customer reviews using data from Amazon. iloc[, ], which is sure to be a source of confusion for R users. stopwords = nltk. But it only disables / enables whole wrapping. Split Name column into two different columns. Here, the read_excel method read the data from the Excel file into a pandas DataFrame object. C program to split string by space into words In this C program, we are going to learn how to split a given string by spaces and storing the substring in an array of strings. I looked for Mary and Samantha at the bus station. Python Programming Code to Count Word in Sentence. If you specify the separator to split then it will use the specified separator to return a list of words. split() Below, mary is a single string. The main idea, or topic, sentence of a paragraph is the sentence that gets to the heart of the subject of that paragraph. There are some room for improvement in this code. News of the clergy man’s death has split views in the country even as the search for his body continues. In line 14 you are removing punctuation,then in line 20 you are testing for punctuation that's already removed. Even though it is a sentence, the words are not represented as discreet units. As some EU leaders tried to convince others to let two Balkan states begin membership talks, they cited arguments ranging from the region's strategic importance to the candidates' progress in settling disputes and establishing rule of law. String or regular expression to split on. and Pepper. In one of her recent Instagram posts, Alexis reportedly captioned a her “single. In part 4 of the Pandas with Python 2. Più avanti la strada si divide in due: una parte va a nord e l'altra a sud. This, however, seems inelegant and potentially incredibly. The parts of the sentence are a set of terms for describing how people construct sentences from smaller pieces. Id Team Food_Text 1 X Food is good. join(), and list(). 01 seconds, but for a string of more than 80,000 characters,. " Is there a word that specifically means: an intersection in a road or path where one road is split into three? I thought of trifurcation but am trying to find something more specific to a road or path. read_csv() function, passing the name of the text file as well as column names that we decide on. But, if we created a matrix like this, maintaining a consistently ordered vocabulary key for all the sentences in a single book, it would not be very practical. Now let's walk through the split method. We have trained over 90,000 students from over 16,000 organizations on technologies such as Microsoft ASP. We use cookies for various purposes including analytics. split string at space into table itab1. Efficiently split Pandas Dataframe cells containing lists into multiple rows, duplicating the other column's values. The PunktSentenceTokenizer is an unsupervised trainable model. I have data in following order and wanted to split particular word from that. Word Count Tool is a word counter that provides an extensive statistics about the word count, character count, the number of characters without spaces This tool also reports the number of syllables, monosyllabic words, polysyllabic words, sentences, paragraphs, unique words, short words, long words,. Writing Teams Need to Apply More Time Thinking About User Experience Published on October 4, 2019 October 4, 2019 • 26 Likes • 1 Comments. Suppose I want to take a word in Spanish, and divide it into individual letters. Python list method count() returns count of how many times obj occurs in list. Loading a. A declarative sentence states the facts or an opinion and lets the reader know something specific. Does not raise an exception if an equal division cannot be made. Once assigned, word embeddings in Spacy are accessed for words and sentences using the. I want to go further than just splitting a sentence into words. Use these worksheets to teach how and where to divide words into syllables. He blamed alcohol and drugs as contributing factors. An appositive is a word or group of words that identifies or renames another word in a sentence. The mapping is not 1-to-1; we'll use the bag-of-words approach, where each unique word in a text will be represented by one number. She has since plead guilty to sexual penetration of a child and committing an indecent act with a child. The same words in a different order can mean something completely different. Following is the syntax for count() method −. expand: bool, default False. Pandas is a library that lends itself well to method chaining, as many Series and DataFrame methods return more Series and DataFrames, upon which more methods can be called. But he is the object of the verb expel, and should therefore be in the objective case; thus, Him that will not obey you expel. when driving a car, young drivers must remember to completely ignore. The word which is used to add a nonrestrictive element to a sentence. Natural Language features. For example, type the following code: str = "The quick brown fox jumped over the quick dog" p str. This sentence is nothing but a text description (TXTMD) from table TXXXX. What I have tried:. The PunktSentenceTokenizer is an unsupervised trainable model. Did you find us useful? Please consider supporting the site with a small donation. We can draw from this a practical guideline for translating a Latin sentence into English. The road ahead split into two, one going north and one going south. zeros ((vocab_size, embedding_dim)) with open (filepath) as f: for line in f: word, * vector = line. import pandas as pd import numpy as np index = 'A A A B B C D D'. We use cookies for various purposes including analytics. It always ends with a period. For word-wrapping I think you can use visual-line-mode. You can listen to each sentence as you read it. You can vote up the examples you like or vote down the ones you don't like. com English words and Examples of Usage use "put up with " in a sentence I can't put up with the noise any longer. Learn about Python text classification with Keras. Remove Word from Sentence in Python. Split definition is - to divide lengthwise usually along a grain or seam or by layers. You might remember my previous effort , which works really well. What is the best explanation for why the writer would revise this sentence to use passive voice? The writer wants to conceal the identity of the person who broke the jar. The following are code examples for showing how to use nltk. This method split a string into a list where each word is a list item. Mukund The Lion Bangalore, Karnatake, India hi friends , I am Mukund Senior Software Developer now working for CTS, Bangalore. Type the missing words, then press "Check". The data actually need not be labeled at all to be placed into a pandas data structure; The two primary data structures of pandas, Series (1-dimensional) and DataFrame (2-dimensional), handle the vast majority of typical use cases in finance, statistics, social science, and many areas of engineering. Directions: On a separate sheet of paper, rewrite the following sentences into one smooth sentence. Follow these steps to split the data from column A into a "Last Name" column and a "First Name" column. split ([sep [, maxsplit]]) ¶ Return a list of the words in the string, using sep as the delimiter string. This is not yet integrated into load or documented since requires more testing. split() is the method to use:. Example Sentences Including 'panda'. Using The Range Object. split (‘,’) The above string will break into words by using comma as separator. You will need 2-3 sheets of notebook paper. young drivers must remember to always turn off cell phones before getting behind the wheel. The file might have blank columns and/or rows, and this will come up as NaN (Not a number) in Pandas. 20 Dec 2017. If you don't require the power of regular expressions, it is faster to use explode(), which doesn't incur the overhead of the regular expression engine. All you need to use is Left(), Right() and Find(). The following steps show how to split comma separated values from one column into many. So many people could have been harmed, not just. capitalize Converts first character to uppercase and remaining to lowercase. how to divide a sentence contained in a. I need these to be split across columns. If that’s the case, you may want to check the following tutorial that explains how to import a CSV file into Python using pandas. The adjective is from the Latin prefix se- "apart" plus parare "to prepare. On this page:. Use cut when you need to segment and sort data values into bins. The split() method splits a String object into an array of strings by separating the string into substrings, using a specified separator string to determine where to make each split. To split or not to split? The ‘rule’ against splitting infinitives isn’t followed as strictly today as it used to be. How to use the Perl split function to break a text file into a stream of words. What I have tried:. Splitting text into sentences. I want to create a new column "word_count" which is a dictionary of the individual words with a count of instances of that word. The guide below will show you how to split the content in a Word document into two or more columns, similar to the layout found in newspapers. Function:. Our version will take in most XML data and format the headers properly. This example is a simple sentence with a compound verb, not a compound sentence. The italicized words make up which type of verbal phrase? Turning the corner, Kate bumped into David. Split my_string on each sentence ending. This notebook trains a sequence to sequence (seq2seq) model for Spanish to English translation. I love creative activities! What do you think is happening in this picture (below)? What story would you make about this picture? We split the Japanese and English speakers into groups and made stories! They had to make at least four sentences using different words (below) in different verb tense. There is a Kaggle training competition where you attempt to classify text, specifically movie reviews. If no argument is passed, it will display first five rows. How to split or break sentence into words in Excel? Have you ever tried to split a sentence into separate words, and place each word in a single cell? Here I tell you the tricks to quickly break a sentence into separate cells by words in Excel. The subject shows who or what is doing the action. The verb shows the action or the state of being. Here is the java program to split a sentence into words without using split() or any in-built functions. - separator. it_splitted-tdline = wa1-words. Learn how to take the text in one or more cells, and split it out across multiple cells by using Excel functions. csv data file into pandas!. How to Split Sentences Oleksii Sliusarenko, Vsevolod Dyomkin • April 22, 2014 • nlp At Grammarly, we use a lot of off-the-shelf core NLP technologies to help us make a little bit of sense in the mess that is natural language texts (English in particular). / Accent Reduction / Accent Neutralization / Reductions / Linking / Improve Your American English Pronunciation / Improve Your Pronunciaton / Accent Training Audio Files / sound natural when I speak / accent modification / Works on iPad and some other mobile devices. groupby(key,axis=1) Let us now see how the grouping objects can be applied to the DataFrame object. Any insights?. import modules. split() Pandas provide a method to split string around a passed separator/delimiter. This series is broken down into the following four topics. Sentences are divided into two parts: the subject, which is who or what the sentence is about, and the predicate, which is everything else (verbs, adjectives, prepositional phrases, etc. Essentially the idea is to build up an arrayList(?) of words, and then display the top. DataFrame(pd. 'nltk' library was used to tokenize the sentence and remove stop-words. 20 Dec 2017. So in the script I was trying to write I needed to change a word like Cat or Dog. Find 1,847 synonyms for split and other similar words that you can use instead based on 31 separate contexts from our thesaurus. You can vote up the examples you like or vote down the ones you don't like. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: